An excavation safety checklist is a tool used to perform daily worksite and equipment inspections before starting excavation and trenching work. It starts with recording the excavation purpose, dimensions, soil type, protective systems, and equipment being used. The next step is evaluating the job site to ensure utilities, barriers, walkways, and warning systems are in place. After that, the excavation safety checklist is responsible for checking whether the entry and exit paths are safe and secured. Afterwards, it proceeds with assessing the atmosphere underground and the installation of the support systems.
The Importance of Excavation Safety Checklists
Evaluating the job site to ensure utilities, barriers, walkways and warning systems are in place.
Checking if the entry and exit paths are safe and secured.
Excavation checklists are used to perform safety inspections and risk assessments for excavation and trenching projects. Excavation checklists are a vital tool used during pre-operations to evaluate the jobsite, utilities and equipment, access means, area atmosphere, and support systems to solve existing and predictable hazards. They also implement prompt corrective measures to eliminate or control these dangerous conditions.
A Useful Guide on an Excavation Safety Checklist
Excavation is recognized as one of the most dangerous construction operations especially during shoring excavation practices. In some situations, hazard potential increases especially after rainstorms, change in the spoil pile, and any indication of movement in adjacent structures. The following measures should be taken for safety.
The site safety supervisor should have a clear understanding of soil mechanics, determination of soil type, test equipment for evaluating soil types, and support systems design.
To effectively predict and decrease risks at an excavation site, the inspector should be able to detect hazards. The most common excavation accidents include:
Excavation risk assessors should also be able to identify potential system failure conditions. Precautions to be taken:
During Wet conditions:
Precautions should be taken to protect oneself from the accumulation of water. Adequate precautions should be taken to protect from exposure to an atmosphere containing less than 19.5% oxygen and/or to other hazardous atmospheres.
Emergency equipment, such as breathing apparatus, safety harness and lifeline, and/or basket stretcher should be readily available, where hazardous atmospheres could or do exist.
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